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Find out how and where to charge an electric vehicle at home, at work, on road trips and around town.
The J1772 or “J-plug” is the standard North American plug type and will be found on all non-Tesla EVs. Tesla vehicles can use J-plugs by way of a small, inexpensive adapter.
All non-Tesla electric vehicles will have this – but if a vehicle only has this port, as is the case with some older models and plug-in hybrids, it won’t have access to “Level 3” fast charging stations.
Combined Charging System (CCS)
The CCS port enables fast charging and makes use of the J1772 port with additional contacts that are typically covered with a black or orange plastic flap. In other words, your vehicle will have just one charging port: it looks like J1772 with extra connections on the bottom.
CHAdeMO is a fast charging plug popular with Japanese automakers and is typically found next to the J-1772 port in North America. Currently CHAdeMO ports are found on Nissan EVs and older Mitsubishi and Kia models.
Tesla vehicles feature a single plug that is unique to their vehicles. You will use the same port for all types of Tesla charging stations.
Level 1 is known colloquially as a “trickle charge.” All EVs come with a cordset that plugs into the car’s J-1772 or Tesla port with the other end plugging into a standard home wall outlet. Vehicles can typically gain 8-10 km of driving range per hour of charging, making this the slowest charging method,
but still adequate for most daily commuters.
Level 2 chargers are very common and can be found at community centres, parks, shopping malls, hotels, parkades and rest areas. Electric vehicle owners typically install one in their home garage using a 240v connection.
These charging stations use the J1772 plug except for Tesla versions, which of course use the Tesla plug. They provide more power than a regular household outlet and most vehicles will gain 20-40km of range per hour of charging.
Tesla vehicles can use J1772 charging stations by way of a small, inexpensive adapter.
Level 3 charging is better known as Direct Current Fast Charging or simply ‘fast charging’. These charging stations enable most EVs to charge to 80% in under an hour, making road trips easier and quicker.
Public fast charging stations have two plugs: One CCS and one CHAdeMO. Only one plug can be used at a time, but the stations are designed this way so you can use them regardless of which plug type you have. Since Teslas have their own type of charging port, they will need a CHAdeMO adapter to use public stations like these.
Networks of fast charging stations are being built all across Canada and the United States. Check out their locations on PlugShare. Before heading out to use one of these stations, read our public charging page to learn about network accounts and etiquette.
Superchargers are charging stations Tesla installs for use by their vehicles. Teslas can gain from 10-20km of range per minute at Superchargers. Due to their unique charging plug Tesla Superchargers aren’t compatible with EVs from other manufacturers.
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